Glossary | Climate Lexicon T

carbon-connect AG Climate Glossary with common technical terms, abbreviations and explanations on the topics of the environment, climate protection and CO2 compensation.

The Consequences of Rising Sea Levels

Immediate negative consequences of rising sea levels are:

Erosion of coastal areas,

8 of the 10 largest cities are located in coastal regions just above sea level,

And salinization of freshwater reserves.

Scientists of the research organization Climate Central have calculated that a global warming of 4 degrees Celsius thus endangers up to 500 million people worldwide. Asian coasts would be the most affected regions by this scenario.

The Fuel Cell

A fuel cell generates electricity from a controlled electrochemical reaction between hydrogen or another fuel and oxygen. Instead of harmful emissions only harmless water vapor remains in the end. After years of research, Toyota launched a fuel cell car in 2015. This technology uses hydrogen to produce electricity on board.

The PEFC Label

Programs for the endorsement of forest certification (PEFC) is an internationally recognized label and certifies ecological, environmentally friendly, and socially acceptable forest use.

The Stratosphere

The stratosphere is the second "floor" of the Earth's atmosphere and is located from about 12kms altitude to about 50kms altitude. The stratosphere follows the troposphere (the first “floor). The mesosphere is located from 50kms-80kms altitude, and the thermosphere refers to the height of 80kms-400kms. Anything over 400kms altitude is called the exosphere.

Threat Multiplier

The threat multiplier intensifies the negative effects of other factors. Negative consequences of global warming such as food shortages and natural disasters are considered threat multipliers, and can lead to enormous potential for conflict.

The Greenhouse Effect

The greenhouse effect is a heat accumulation similar to the process in a garden greenhouse. It takes place in the earth’s atmosphere. The greenhouse effect leads to warmer temperatures on the planet and on the earth’s surface latently.